In this article, we will discuss the best Imam Subki books and his best works. So, if you are interested then keep reading.

Who is Imam Subki?

Azhar to discuss the best imam subki books

His full name is Abu Al-Hasan Taqī al-Dīn Ali ibn Abd al-Kafi ibn Ali al-Khazraji al-Ansari al-Subkī. Imam Subki was born in 683 AH (1284 CE) and died in 756 AH (1355 CE).

The Imam was born in Egypt and got his Islamic education in Cairo. He was educated by Ibn Rif’a in Sacred Law, al-Iraqi in Qur’anic exegesis and al-Dimyati in hadith.

Then, he left Egypt and went to Syria where he rose through the ranks to the position of chief judge of Syria. Amazingly, he headed this position for 17 years. Until he got ill and his son Taj al-Din al-Subkī took his place. Then, he went back to Cairo and died.

What are the Imam Subki works?

Shifa’ as-Siqam fi Ziarat khayr al’Anam (شفاء السقام في زيارة خير الأنام) –

‘Cure for the Sick in Visiting the Best of Mankind’ archive.org (in Arabic)

Al-Sayf al-Saqil fi al-Radd ala Ibn Zafil (السيف الصقيل في الرد على ابن زفيل) – Refutation of Ibn al-Qayyim

Al-Durra al-Mudiyya fi al-Radd ‘ala Ibn Taymiyya (الدرة المضية في الرد على ابن تيمية) – Refutation to Ibn Taymiyya

al-‘Itibār bī baqā’ al-janat wa’l-nār fi ar-rad ‘ala ibn Taymiyah wa ibn al-Qiyam al-Qayilin bī fana’ an-Nār. (الاعتبار ببقاء الجنة والنار في الرد على ابن تيمية وابن القيم القائلين بفناء النار) – Contemplation of the eternity of Paradise and Hell, A response to Ibn Taymiyah and Ibn al-Qayyim on the temporality of Hell.

Naqid al-‘Ijtimā’ wa’l-‘Iftirāq fī Masā’il al’Aymān wa’t-Talāq (نقد الاجتماع والافتراق في مسائل الأيمان والطلاق). – ‘Critique of Communion and Separation in Matters of Faith and Divorce.’

Al-‘Ashbāh wa’n-Naẓā’r (الأشباه والنظائر) – ‘Analogues and Pairs’ (in Arabic, 3 vols)

‘Ibraz al-Hukam min hadīth rafa’ al-Qalam (إبراز الحكم من حديث رفع القلم) – ‘Illustration of ruling in hadith “Raising the Pen”‘.

Imam Subki books:

1-     Al-Ibhaj Fi Sharh Al-Minhaj By Imam Subki & Son.

This book is about ‘Ilm Usul specifically The Qawa’id of it. Qawa’id or Qa’idhah is an idiom and phrase in the science of Principles of Jurisprudence. This book is an explanation of Al-Minhaj by Imam Al-Baydhawi who was born at 585 H and passed away at 685 H. He wrote this very extensive and most used Qawa’id about identifying why certain rulings have a certain phrase with it.

This very explanation is by the firmest teachers and experts in the science of Usul of the 7th century Hijri, the father and his Son also known as Taqiyu Din and Taju Din Al-Subki.

2-     al-Kalam ‘ala Hinthi al-Nasi, Imam Taqiyud Din al-Subki.

This book is about Ijtihad. It analyses the obligation of one who forgets after taking an oath on something. This book contains two other works of the Author namely Risalat fi Hatmiyat la Ijtihad Ma’ al-Nass which looks into the issue of whether someone can exercise Ijtihad alongside the Nass (Quran or Hadith). The third work is a fatwa for two questions regarding following a teacher in what he teaches the student.

3-     Al-Sayful Maslul Ala Man Sabba Ar-Rasul By Imam Subki.

This is one of Taqi Ud-Din al-Subki’s famous works concerning with the status of the Prophet (P.B.U.H) in the sight of this Ummah.

He has written this book according to Manhaj of Ahle Sunna and the ruling regarding those who blasphemed when talking about the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H).

There is also Fatawa or rules relating to those who talk bad about the companions of the prophet or abuse them.

4-     Hashiya al-‘Attar Ala Sharh Jalal al-Din al-Mahalli.

Jam’il Jawami’ Fi Usul al-Fiqh al-Shafi’i,  An intro­duction and a compendium of the principles of law.

This is perhaps the most famous of Ibn Subkis’s many works. It remains up to this day the standard work on Shafi’s law and is used as a textbook for the study of law at the great Islamic University of Cairo.

5-     SHIFA AL-SIQAM book by Imam Taqi al-Din al-Subki.

6-     TABAQAAT ASH-SHAAFI’IYYAH AS-SUGHRAH – AS-SUBKI.

A collection of biographies of the Shafiite scholars by the Imam, the Judge of the Judges of Damascus, Taj ad-Din as-Subki (771H).

7-     JAM’ AL-JAWAMI’ FI ‘ILM USUL AL-FIQH – AS-SUBKI.

The well-known and widespread book of Imam as-Subki, Jam ‘al-Jawami’ does not stop only at the Usul al-Fiqh but it also unites Usul Ad-Din and Adab.

Imam subki Personality:

Taj Aldin was one of the most prominent men of his time, as we all know about the events of his life, his personality, and his literary works. Not only was he certainly a man of great intellectual ability and good knowledge, but he was also an active and efficient practitioner and a good worker. At the same time, he was an absolutely honest, enthusiastic, enthusiastic, proud, and kind person.

Imam Subki’s intellectual qualities have developed and, more unusually, have been recognized early. Therefore, before the age of 18, he proved to have such legal knowledge, judgment, and educational ability, so the great Arnakib was his for judgment. He brought the case before and left him to carry out some of his own duties. When he first took over his father’s top executive, he was only 25 and at the age of 28, he was appointed to the same office.

 As the biographer insists and his work proves, Taj Aldin was an avid and ambitious thinker with a clear and keen heart. He was known for his command of Arabic, and his great expressiveness. He was a great orator, eloquent, powerful, bold, convincing, and convincing.

 Imam Subki was an excellent improviser and a great debater. His age could not match him as a debater and could not exceed him in the discussion. His work covered most of the different disciplines of the discipline of his time, including Arabic grammar, Al Koran’s interpretations, traditions, and Arabic literature, but his specialty was Alfic or Islamic law.

He enjoyed great fame not only as an experienced legal counsel but also as an experienced legal counsel.

Indeed, he was such a great authority on legal issues that he himself once wrote to Syria’s Nive. According to the biographer, this statement has never been questioned. His study of the principles of law, Jam`al Jawami`, is also considered to be the best ever written on this subject.

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