In this article, we will learn about the best Shafi Fiqh course to take, all you need to know about it, and the best books to read for beginners.  

What is Fiqh?

Fiqh is the knowledge of the Islamic jurisprudence, based on the understanding of the Quran and Sunnah to guide the ummah through all aspects of life.  

What is the importance of learning Fiqh?

Many people don’t know what is Fiqh and what is the importance of learning it. Fiqh tells us what to do and guides us to do what is right. In short, Fiqh guides us in all Islamic matters.

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said the following about the importance of learning it, “If Allah wills to bestow someone with special virtue; He makes him a Faqih of the religion” (Bukhari & Muslim).

How does learning Fiqh affect our lives?

When having enough knowledge in Fiqh you will be able to guide people to the right path instead of misleading them. You will be able to convince them with proof. And what is better than being able to help and guide the ones who need to.

What are the sources of Islamic jurisprudence?

There are four sources and they are:

  • Quran
  • Hadith
  • Ijma
  • Qiyas.

A faqih starts searching for a solution according to the above order, first starts with the Quran and if he couldn’t find the answer he will start searching in the hadiths and so on until he comes up with an answer.

1-     Qiyas:

What it means is getting the answer to a specific problem or situation from a person that is highly knowledgeable in Fiqh.

2-     Ijma:

This one means taking the answer based on the agreement of the whole Islamic Scholars.

What are the best Fiqh books for beginners?

Here are the best books that you should start with:

  • Hidayah
  • Bahar e Shariyat
  • Rad ul Muhtaar alaa Dur e Mukhtar (Ftawa Shami)
  • Al Ataa Al Nabawiyyah Fi Al Fatawa Al Razawiyyah
  • Al Mukhtasir Al Qudoori
  • Al-Usool Al-Shashi

What is the best Shafi Fiqh course?

best Shafi Fiqh course

There are many Shafi Fiqh courses on the internet to learn from but here are the best free courses to take.

First, there is a course on YouTube called Shafi Fiqh by Ustadh Zane Abdo, go to a channel called “ Dowra Tarim” and type in “Shafi Fiqh” and you will find eight lessons in order, the duration of each video is ranging between 47 minutes and 90 minutes.

Here is the full course:

The second course is “Six Month Introductory Certificate Program in Shafi’i Fiqh and Usul”. This Shafi course is a free program for beginners.

What are the main madhabs of Islam?

The main doctrines of Islam are four which are:

  • Shafi madhab.
  • Hanafi madhab.
  • Hanbali madhab.
  • Maliki madhab.

1-     Shafi school:

The Shafi doctrine was founded by Muhammad ibn Idris al-Shāfi who was born in 767 AD and died in 802 AD. He was born in Gaza. Al-Shafi’s father died when he was still a little boy, so his mother took him to live with her in Mecca at the age of two years old. He memorized the whole Quran when he was seven and when he was 10, and he memorized Muwatta Malik when he was ten years old.

Al-Shafi said in his book ‘Al-Umm Wa Al-Risala’ that his doctrine is based on the closest to Quran and sunnah or what is known among the Companions without disagreement

The approach of Imam Al-Shafi’i in his doctrine:

 Al-Shafi’i explained his method of ijtihad that he relies on as:

The holy Qur’an, the Sunnah of the Prophet, and consensus. The Holy Qur’an is without disagreement the first reference. As for the rest of the references, they are:

Al-Sunnah: Al-Shafi’i considers that the Noble Qur’an and the Sunnah are in the same rank in terms of inference. He also sees that the Sunnah abrogates the Sunnah, but the Qur’an does not abrogate the Sunnah. And if there is any conflict between the Quran and Sunnah then he takes the answer from the Quran.

Ijma’: Al-Shafi’i believes that consensus is an argument, and it cannot be mistaken for it. The Companion’s saying: Al-Shafi’i did not consider the statement of the Companion to be an argument.

Qiyas: Al-Shafi’i is considered an analogy, but without any expansion.

Approval and sent interests: Al-Shafi’i did not take approval and sent interests and did not consider them as a basis for legislation.

2-     Hanafi school:

This doctrine was founded by Imam Abu Hanifa, his full name is al-Numan bin Thabit bin Zuti al-Kufi, his origins were Persian. He was in the year 80 AH and died in the year 180 AH. Abu Hanifa was the name that everyone called him by. He was known for his honesty. Imam Abu Hanifa knew about twenty companions and heard hadith from seven of them.

He said that his doctrines are based on ijtihad, he explained that he takes the answer from the Holy Quran and then the Sunnah of the prophet (peace and blessing be upon him).

3-     The Maliki Madhab.

The founder of the doctrine is Malik bin Anas bin Malik bin Amer, his nickname is Abu Abdullah. His grandfather Malik is one of the senior followers and his grandfather Amer is one of the companions of the Messenger of God (peace and blessing be upon him). Imam Malik was born in the year 93 AH and died in 179 AH. Before he takes the answer from the hadiths he first ensures that the hadith is a strong hadith, not a weak one.

4-     Hanbali Madhab:

The founder of the sect is Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal, born in 164 AH and died in 241 AH. He was raised as an orphan and his mother raised him well. Their social conditions were difficult, and among the clear characteristics of his personality was self-esteem. He was also patient.

Conclusion:

We have learned the meaning of Fiqh, why is it important to learn it, and how it affects our lives.

Then we discussed the best two Shafi courses to learn from, and the best books for beginners. Afterward, we took a brief description of the other three madhabs of Fiqh.  

Now you still want to learn more about the best Shafi Fiqh course, visit our website muslimtutorspot.com and read our article about how to self-study the Shafi Fiqh.

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